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Greece Transportations
 
 
 

General

Greek transportation was completely reconstructed and greatly expanded after World War II. The length of roads in 2004 was 114,931 km (71,415 mi), of which 105,507 km (65,559 mi) were paved. Toll highways connect Athens with Lamía and Pátrai. In 2000 there were 4,279,524 motor vehicles, including 3,195,065 passenger cars and 1,084,459 trucks, buses and taxis.

The Hellenic State Railways, a government organ, operates the railroads, which in 2006 had a total length of 2,571 km (1,597 mi). The agency also operates a network of subsidiary bus lines connecting major cities. The privately owned Hellenic Electric Railways operates a high-speed shuttle service between Piraeus and Athens.

Principal ports are Agioitheodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Elevsís, Pachi, Piraeus, Irákleion, Thessaloniki, Thíra and Vólosa. In 2007, the Greek merchant fleet had 824 ships at a total GRT of 33,654,384. In addition, Greek shipowners had many other ships sailing under Cypriot, Lebanese, Liberian, Panamanian or other foreign registries. The Greek fleet was hard hit by the international shipping slump of the 1980s. The inland waterway system consists of three coastal canals and three inland rivers, for a total of 80 navigable km (50 mi).

Greece had 81 airports in 2007, 66 of which had paved runways. Athens Main Airport connects the capital by regular flights to major cities in Europe, the Middle East and North America. The new Athens airport at Spata opened March 2001. Olympic Airways, nationalised in 1975, operates a large internal domestic network as well as international flights. In 2001, 7,302,600 passengers were carried on domestic and international flights. Also during 2001, Greek aircraft performed 99 million freight ton-km (61.5 million freight-ton mi) of service.

Overview

Airports:
81 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 66
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
1,524 to 2,437 m: 20
914 to 1,523 m: 17
under 914 m: 9 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 15
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 12 (2007)

Heliports:
9 (2007)

Pipelines:
gas 1,166 km; oil 94 km (2006)

Railways:
total: 2,571 km
standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge (764 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge
dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435 m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail system) (2006)

Roadways:
total: 114,931 km
paved: 105,507 km (includes 880 km of expressways)
unpaved: 9,424 km (2004)

Waterways:
80 km

note: Corinth Canal (6 km) crosses the Isthmus of Corinth; shortens sea voyage by 325 km (2007)

Merchant marine:
total: 824 ships (1000 GRT or over) 33,654,384 GRT/57,898,789 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 246, cargo 66, carrier 1, chemical tanker 52, combination ore/oil 1, container 43, liquefied gas 6, passenger 11, passenger/cargo 109, petroleum tanker 269, roll on/roll off 19, specialised tanker 1
foreign-owned: 49 (Belgium 16, Cyprus 5, Italy 1, South Korea 2, UK 15, US 10)
registered in other countries: 2,324 (Antigua and Barbuda 3, Bahamas 214, Barbados 11, Belgium 4, Bermuda 3, Cambodia 5, Cayman Islands 23, China 1, Comoros 8, Cyprus 292, Denmark 4, Dominica 8, Egypt 8, Georgia 7, Gibraltar 8, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 30, Isle of Man 48, Italy 13, Jamaica 8, Lebanon 2, Liberia 311, Maldives 1, Malta 448, Marshall Islands 226, Norway 6, Panama 505, Philippines 3, Portugal 4, Russia 1, Sao Tome and Principe 1, Saudi Arabia 2, Sierra Leone 1, Singapore 14, Slovakia 4, St Kitts and Nevis 2, St Vincent and The Grenadines 81, UAE 3, UK 6, Uruguay 1, Venezuela 3, unknown 8) (2007)

Ports and terminals:
Agioitheodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Elevsís, Irakleion, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki, Thíra, Vólos

 

 
 


 



 


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